December 4, 2022
Biosphere reserves are 'learning places for sustainable development'. They are sites for testing interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions between social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity.

Biosphere Reserves are defined to protect larger areas of natural habitat and often include one or more National Park, Sanctuaries and or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is provided not only to flora and fauna but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their way of life.

World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Sr #Biosphere NameArea (SQ KM)Included sinceLocationList of NP / Sanctuaries within B.R.
1Gulf of Mannar BR10500 Dec. 1989India and Sri LankaGulf of Mannar NP;
Includes ocean, islands, coastline
2Nanda Devi BR2236 Dec. 1988UttarakhandNanda Devi NP
Valley of Flowers NP
3Nilgiri BR5520 Dec. 1986Kerala,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu
Bandipur NP
Nagarahole NP
Silent Valley NP
Wayanad WS
Mudumalai WS
Mukurthi NP
Sathyamangalam WS
4Nokrek BR47 Dec. 2009MeghalayaNokrek NP
5Pachmarhi BR4926 Dec. 2009Madhya PradeshPachmarchi S. (Buffer)
Satpura NP (Core)
6Simplipal BR2750 Dec. 2009OdishaSimplipal NP
Hadgarh WS
Kuldiha WS
7Sundarbans BR4000 (IN)
6000 (BAN)
West Bengal and BangladeshSundarbans NP
Sajnakhali WS
8Achanakmar – Amarkantak BR3835 Dec. 2012Madhya Pradesh and ChhattisgarhSource of Narmada, Johilla, Son rivers
9Nicobar Islands1840 Dec. 2013Andaman and NicobarComplete Central Nicobar Islands
Nine out of Eighteen Biosphere Reserves in India form part of this world network.

Names of other nine BR:

1. Agasthyamalai

2. Dibru Saikhowa

3. Dihang Dibang

4. Kachchh

5. Kangchenjunga

6. Manas

7. Cold Desert (Western Himalayas)

8. Sesachalam Hills

9. Panna

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