March 28, 2023

Modern Indian History

Syllabus for Optional Mains

European Penetration and ExpansionThe Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars;
Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey; Bengal; Buxar; 

The Afghan war; Sind; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; Mysore; Punjab
Early Structure of the British RajThe early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India Act (1784); 
The Charter Act (1833); The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule; The English utilitarian and India;
Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule(a) Land revenue settlements in British India;
The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; 
Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society. 

(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; 

(c) Railroad and communication network including tele-graph and postal services; European business enterprise and its limitations.

(d) Famine and poverty in the rural interior;
Social Reforms and DevelopmentsSocial and Cultural Developments: The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, the introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature;

Progress of science; 

Christian missionary activities in India; Ram Mohan Roy, Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar, Widow Remarriage; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati, Arya Samaj; Sri Ramakrishna, Swami Vivekananda; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Social Reform movements; Religious Reform movements; Women Empowerment; Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.
Indian Response to British RulePeasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries – Including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855); 
The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, character, causes of failure, the consequences;  

Shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.
1st Phase of Indian NationalismFactors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism; Politics of Association; 
The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; (The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress;) 
Programme and objectives of Early Congress; The social composition of early Congress leadership; The Moderates and Extremists; 
The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; The economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; Home Rule League
Nationalism under Gandhi’s leadershipRise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; The Khilafat Movement; The Non-cooperation Movement; The two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; The Quit India Movement;

National politics from the end of the NCM to the beginning of CDM;

Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; The Round Table Conferences;

Nationalism and the Peasant Movements;
Constitutional Developments Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935
Other strands in the National MovementThe beginning of revolutionary extremism in India; The Revolutionaries: Bengal, Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, Madras, Outside India. 
The Left: The Left within the Congress: JLN, SCB, CSP; The Communist Party of India, other left parties. The election of 1937 and the formation of ministries;  Nationalism and Working class movements;

Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947);

Cripps Mission; The Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission. Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
Consolidation as a NationLinguistic reorganization of States (1935-1947); 
Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; Question of National Language; 
Caste and Ethnicity after 1947 – Backward castes and tribes in post-colonial electoral politics; Dalit movements
Economic Development & Political changeLand reforms; Ecology and environmental policy in post – colonial India; 

The politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Progress of science. Nehru’s Foreign Policy; NAM; India and her neighbors (1947-1964); Hindu Code Bill/1962/1971/Emergency

Past Year Questions – Modern Indian History