December 4, 2022

World and Indian Geography

Salient features of World’s Physical Geography

  • Geomorphology
    • Origin & Evolution of Earth
    • Interior of the Earth
    • Distribution of Continents & Oceans
    • Plate Tectonic Theory
    • Distribution of Earthquakes & Volcanoes
    • Rocks & Rock Cycle
    • Geomorphic Processes – Endogenic & Exogenic
    • Landforms & their Evolution
    • Geological Time Scale
  • Oceanography
    • Hydrological Cycle
    • Seafloor Spreading
    • Ocean Floor Configuration
    • Temperature & Salinity of Oceans
    • Movement of Oceans – Waves, Tides, Currents
  • Climatology
    • Earth’s Atmosphere – Composition & Structure
    • Solar Radiation, Heat Budget & Temperature
    • Atmospheric Circulation & Weather Systems
    • World Climate (examples)
  • Soil Geography
    • Soil & Soil Contents
    • Process of Soil Formation
    • Soil Forming Factors
    • Types of Soils (examples)
    • Soil Erosion & Conservation

Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)

  • Types of Resources
    • On the Basis of Origin, Ownership, Exhaustability etc.
  • Land Resources
    • Land Utilisation
    • Land Use Pattern
    • Land Degradation & Conservation
  • Forest Resources
    • Types & Distribution – Grasslands, Forests etc.
    • Causes of Depletion
    • Conservation of Forests
  • Water Resources
    • Marine & Freshwater
    • Water Scarcity & Need For Conservation
    • Integrated Water Resources Management
  • Agricultural Resources
    • Types of Farming
    • Cropping Patterns
    • Contribution to Economy, Employment & Output
    • Food Security
  • Mineral & Energy Resources
    • Classification of Minerals – Ferrous & Non-Ferrous
    • Occurrence of Minerals
    • Conservation of Minerals
    • Classification of Energy Resources – Conventional & Non-Conventional
    • Occurrence of Energy Resources
    • Conservation of Energy Resources

Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

  • Classification of Industries
  • Location & Distribution of the Industries on the Basis of
    • Raw Material
    • Labour
    • Market
    • Capital
    • Land
    • Grants & Financial Incentives
    • Power
    • Transport
    • Water
    • Communication
  • Distribution of Major Industries – Iron & Steel, IT, Cotton Textile
  • Agglomeration & Footloose Industries

Important Geophysical Phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including Water-bodies and Ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

  • Earthquakes
    • Why Does Earth Shake?
    • Earthquake Waves
    • Shadow Zone
    • Types of Earthquake
    • Measuring Earthquake
    • Effects of Earthquake
  • Tsunami
    • What Causes Tsunami
    • Effect of Tsunami
    • Mitigating the Impact of Tsunami
  • Volcanoes
    • Types of Volcanoes
    • What Causes Volcanoes?
    • Volcanic Landforms
    • Intrusive volcanic Landforms
    • Extrusive Volcanic Landforms
    • Distribution of Volcanoes
  • Cyclone
    • Tropical Cyclones
    • Anti-Cyclone
    • Extra Tropical Cyclones
  • Factors Causing Changes in Critical Geographical Features
  • Examples of Changing Geographical Features – Melting of Ice Sheets, Desertification etc.
  • Impact of Changing Geographical Features
  • Physical Geography of India
    • Physiography of India
    • Drainage System
    • Climate
    • Soils in India
    • Natural Vegetation
  • Human Geography
    • Demography
    • Urbanization
    • Census
  • Economic Geography
    • Agriculture
    • Mineral resource
    • Energy resources
    • Industry
    • Transport and Communication